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The 12 Foods You Must Buy Organic – The “Dirty Dozen” and “Clean 15” of 2011

organic foods An apple a day keeps the doctor away … but if that apple is laced with pesticides and chemicals?

According to a new report published by the public health advocacy group, Environmental Working Group (EWG), apples are the # 1 produce to buy organic. They’re the most pesticide-contaminated produce out of the 53 fruits and vegetables sampled.

Out of the 700 apples that were samples, pesticides were on 98 percent of them. EWG analyst, Sonya Lunder told USA Today:

“We think what’s happening to apples is that more pesticides and fungicides are being applied after the harvest so that the fruit can have a longer shelf life.”

For the past 7 years, the Environmental Group has released their “Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce,” highlighting the worst produce offenders as the “Dirty Dozen” and the cleanest, non-pesticide laced produce as the “Clean 15.” Fruits and vegetables are ranked based on how many pesticides are found, and at what levels. Most of the produce is washed and peeled before testing, so their rankings reflect their chemical load at the time they’re eaten.

Fruits and vegetables labeled as the “Dirty Dozen” should be bought organic; the “Clean 15” have the lowest pesticides, so you don’t need to spend the extra money on buying them organic.

The Dirty Dozen: 12 Fruits and Vegetables You Should Buy Organic

According to the EWG, the following fruits and vegetables are the “Dirty Dozen.” This means, even after washing the produce, they are the most contaminated with pesticides and chemicals. Here is the “Dirty Dozen” of 2011, starting with the worst offender:

1. Apples
2. Celery
3. Strawberries
4. Peaches
5. Spinach
6. Imported Nectarines
7. Imported Grapes
8. Sweet Bell Peppers
9. Potatoes
10. Domestic Blueberries
11. Lettuce
12. Kale and Collard Greens

Although the “dirty dozen” have the most pesticide residue (even after you wash it), you shouldn’t avoid eating the fruits and vegetables on that list. Just buy the organic version. It’s more expensive, but any crop that is certified organic (and labeled organic) has not been sprayed with pesticides.

For a crop to be organic, farmers are not allowed to use bioengineered genes (GMOs), synthetic pesticides, petroleum-based fertilizers, or sewage sludge-based fertilizers.

(To learn more about organic crops, go to HelpGuide.Org: Organic Foods)

The Clean 15: Fruits and Vegetables that are Lowest in Pesticides

The following fruits and vegetables have the lowest amounts of pesticide residues, so they’re the safest to eat without going organic.

1. Onions
2. Sweet Corn
3. Pineapples
4. Avocado
5. Asparagus
6. Sweet Peas
7. Mangoes
8. Eggplant
9. Domestic Cantaloupe
10. Kiwi
11. Cabbage
12. Watermelon
13. Sweet Potatoes
14. Grapefruit
15. Mushrooms

Pesticides: Why They’re Bad for You

According to the EWG’s website, everyone should be concerned about pesticides. They’re designed to kill living organisms, by their nature. Their sole purpose is to kill “pests,” such as plants, insects and fungi.

Different pesticides have been linked to causing health problems, including cancer, disrupting hormone function, brain and nervous system toxicity, and irritation of your skin, eye, and lungs.

The effects of pesticide toxicity on children are particularly troublesome. Long-term studies have tracked the effects of organophosphates pesticides and their long-term effect on children. Research has shown that organophosphate pesticides damage the function of your nervous system by blocking an enzyme that stops nerve cells from firing. As a result, your nerve cells will fire without stopping, which can lead to long-term nerve damage. This also has negative effects on children’s brain development.

In the April 2011 issue of Environmental Health Perspectives, three studies showed a clear link between a pregnant woman’s exposure to pesticides and her child’s risk of learning and memory problems at age 6 to 9.

To learn more about pesticides and their harm, visit EWG’s FAQ about Produce and Pesticides.

About the author: DP Nguyen is founder and editor of Hip Chick’s Guide to PMS, Pregnancy and Babies. She’s an expert pregnancy and women’s health blogger. She is NOT a medical doctor and does NOT offer medical advice. Connect with her on Google+, Twitter and Facebook.

{ 7 comments… add one }
  • Food Packaging Manufacturers January 13, 2014, 5:55 am

    Thanks so much for publishing this! It’s definitely helpful to know when shopping for a baby and organic fruits and vegetables and veggies are not available.

  • Taryn June 25, 2011, 1:02 am

    Wow, it’s pretty scary that the dirty dozen are still pesticide-laden even after being washed and peeled.
    The EWG makes a very useful iphone app, I use it to check their list whenever I’m grocery shopping, very handy.

  • jess June 19, 2011, 12:50 am

    Looks like there’s a plethora of information on this site.
    Thanks for inviting me to check it out.
    Sure to be back

    Jess

  • Nina Riley June 15, 2011, 3:31 pm

    This is great information. I have tweeted this and put on face book. Back again today to finish reading it.
    Nina

    • DP Nguyen June 15, 2011, 3:36 pm

      Thank you so much, Nina!

  • Elana June 15, 2011, 12:54 pm

    Thanks so much for posting this! It’s definitely helpful to know when shopping for a baby and organic fruits and veggies aren’t available.

  • Mrs T June 14, 2011, 10:24 am

    YES! Thank you for posting this! People need to know all of this… and you’ve laid it out simply.
    I was thinking of doing a post similar to this one someday. My blog is about doing things naturally, toxic free living, healthy lifestyle, with a little style and fun, too… I don’t want to shove any one topic into peoples face or “preach” at them. Have to find a balance, I think, so you don’t scare people away! ha ha

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